All Articles

Below is a full list of articles by category to provide information and our helpful interpretations of the latest issues and news that may impact our clients.

Agricultural Law

Prenuptial/Postnuptial Agreements in Farm Succession Planning

As part of the succession planning process, most farm owners anticipate the challenge of balancing the older (transferring) and the younger (receiving) generations' financial needs. And, they know that a difficult decision about the fair distribution of assets among the on-farm and the off-farm children is inevitable. However, equally important in the succession planning process, discussing prenuptial and postnuptial agreements ("marital agreements") comes as a surprise or is uncomfortable for many from a family or moral perspective.   more

Impact of New Tax Act on Farm Succession Planning

In the closing days of 2017, the federal Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("Act") was enacted. Its impact will be felt by virtually every taxpayer on multiple levels. From a farm succession planning standpoint, the most impactful changes include reduction of individual and corporate tax rates, increases in the federal estate and gift tax exclusion amount, preservation of stepped-up basis and continuation of like-kind exchanges for real estate.  more

The Difference Between Probate and Non-probate Assets

In the typical farm family, the parents' estate plan is as follows: Farm assets to my farm son, Andrew, and non-farm assets in two (2) equal shares to each of my non-farming children, Susan and Charlie. While the intentions are clear, and while the wills that are prepared are clear, it is not guaranteed that such intent will be carried out. What is not clear is that, in such a situation, the will is often times not enough – it does not dictate where every asset will go in the event of someone's passing.   more

The Importance of Estate Planning for the Younger Generation

A successful transition of the family operation and assets to the younger generation is a significant accomplishment, typically marked by a great deal of time and effort. Upon execution of the plan, the older parent generation is generally provided with an estate and elder law plan that, assuming no significant changes, should last for the rest of their lives.   more

Pennsylvania Inheritance Tax – Ag/Family Business Exemptions

As Benjamin Franklin famously declared, the only things certain in life are death and taxes...but the ag/family business exemptions enacted in recent years are reducing the Pennsylvania inheritance taxes for many farm families. With proper planning and action, both before death and even after death, these inheritance tax savings can be substantial.  more

Agricultural Production Contracts

The use of formal contracts in agricultural production, including crop growing and livestock production arrangements, has been on the rise in recent years. If you find yourself wondering whether it's worth it to have a formal agreement in place in a production relationship, remember that the purpose of a formal contract is to minimize risk.   more

Stepped-Up Basis Considerations in Farm Transition Planning

"Basis" is a tax term used to describe an owner's financial investment in a property. When that property is sold, the basis is the gauge for determining whether there is gain or loss from the sale and the resultant income tax consequences of the transaction, if any.   more

Termination of Crop Lease By the Landowner

The majority of crop leases are verbal. This informality works in most instances and that is why so many crop lease arrangements are verbal or the original lease agreement has not been updated for a decade or longer. However, when the landowner unexpectedly terminates the lease, the loose legal terms can make the separation more challenging...and potentially expensive.  more

Impact of the Medicaid Estate Recovery Program on Pennsylvania Farmers

Oftentimes these lifelong savings are expended on the cost of long term care. To the farm community, this reality presents far more catastrophic consequences by threatening the farmer's ability to preserve the family farm for future generations.  more

Dealing With Environmental Agencies

Farming often involves tilling soil and other activities that change the surface of the land. In addition, farm operations can involve the storage and use of liquid fuels and fertilizers. All of these activities potentially involve state and federal environmental laws such as the Pennsylvania Clean Streams Law and Solid Waste Management Act.  more

Choice of Business Entity For Agricultural Operations

The question of whether to form a legal entity to manage and run your agricultural operation is often a major concern for farmers.  more

Business Law

How Can an Organization Manage the Risk of a Cyberattack?

The threat of a cyberattack is the sort of thing that keeps business owners up at night. Having an appropriate plan in place is critical to managing an organization's response to a cyberattack.  more

If you are the only member of a limited liability company (LLC), what steps should you take to protect your family if you should unexpectedly pass away?

First, you should understand Pennsylvania law on the effect of your death on the limited liability company (LLC).   more

Pennsylvania to Examine Its Professional Licensing Procedures

Gov. Tom Wolf has ordered a review of the professional licensing process to examine whether costs and procedures in Pennsylvania are consistent with those in other states.   more

Advantages of Converting a Limited Partnership to an LLC

Two recent changes in Pennsylvania law made it advantageous to convert a limited partnership which owns real estate to a limited liability company.  more

Will Your Business Be a Victim of Cybersquatting?

The protection of your company's online identity is more important than ever before.  more

Planning for the Future of Your Enterprise

You have a business idea. This article is intended to assist you in charting a course for your enterprise which will be appropriately suited for your expectations.   more

Should I be concerned about using online legal forms for my business?

Tom Archer was featured in the Ask A Lawyer section of a recent issue of the Central Penn Business Journal. His comments focused on the pitfalls of using online legal documents.  more

Do You Have A Legal Wellness Program?

Clients who voluntarily "enroll" themselves in legal wellness programs and proactively monitor and attend to things before they become problems realize the same benefits of lower cost risks, avoiding major issues and improving overall legal health.  more

Protecting Your Electronic Communication Privacy

Anyone who has had an appointment with a health care provider in the past nine years is familiar with the privacy policies that protect their health information.  more

Banking Law

Revised Rules Regarding Garnishment of Federal Benefits

The final interim rule governing garnishments of accounts containing certain federal benefits has been amended.   more

Employment Law

Does An Employer Have To Pay Hourly Employees For Commuting To Work In A Company Vehicle?

Not necessarily. Two provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), that otherwise appear simple, create confusion.  more

Background Investigation Of Prospective Executive Hires: A Necessary Evil

What can you do to prevent hiring a harasser? This is the question many companies are asking themselves as each day another member of the "C-suite" is accused of sexual misconduct.   more

There's A New I-9 In Town

Starting on September 18, 2017, all employers will be required to have completed a new I-9 Form for every NEW employee. However, you can start using the new form immediately.  more

The Defend Trade Secrets Act: Do Your Employment Documents And Policies Comply?

The Federal Defend Trade Secrets Act (DTSA) was amended on May 11, 2016, effective immediately. The newly amended law contains a whistleblower clause that provides immunity for the disclosure of trade secrets to government officials for the sole purpose of reporting violations of the law.   more

Court Injunction Puts New FLSA Overtime Regulations On Hold

FLSA Regulation Update
On November 22, 2016, the federal district court for the Eastern District of Texas granted a preliminary injunction, effectively stopping the implementation of the FLSA overtime regulations, which were scheduled to go into effect on December 1, 2016.   more

The Pennsylvania Supreme Court Decides The Protz Case

On June 20, 2017, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court handed down its decision in Protz v. WCAB (Derry Area School District). The Protz decision rendered unconstitutional, Section 306(a)(2) of the Pennsylvania Workers' Compensation Act, eliminating the use of an impairment rating evaluation in order to change the disability status of an injured worker from total to partial thereby limiting the injured worker to 500 weeks of benefits.  more

Legal Wellness Checkup - Form I-9

When you hire a new employee, be sure to complete all the legal requirements for the hiring process by filling out Form I-9.  more

Employee Handbook Mistakes

As a business owner, you probably have an employee handbook. You may have had it drafted by an attorney or perhaps an employee downloaded a template from the internet and adapted it to your situation.  more

Enviromental Law

New Total Dissolved Solids Requirements For Publicly Owned Treatment Works

An article on DEP's revised Chapter 95 regulations that address the acceptance of high-TDS wastes for publicly owned treatment works.   more

DEP Takes Another Regulatory Step Toward "Discharge Elimination"

Attorney Randall Hurst discusses the new Chapter 92A discharge elimination standards, what they mean, what he anticipates to be some of the problems, and potential solutions to those problems.   more

The Official Record - A Little Used Tool For Understanding and Interpreting Regulations

As regulated entities (water, solid waste, and wastewater authorities) we are subject to a multitude of "official" documents.   more

Estate Planning & Taxation

Year-End Tax Planning Considerations

For many, year-end tax planning considerations includes making charitable contributions. When determining how much to contribute, there are number of issues that come into play. The beauty of most charitable gifts is that you get the full benefit of the face value of the asset. Careful planning is necessary to avoid financial and tax pitfalls.   more

Importance of a Properly Drafted Power of Attorney

A power of attorney (POA) is one of the three documents commonly used to implement an estate plan (a will and a living will being the other two). At least every five years, an estate plan should be reviewed to consider changes in the laws, your family and financial situation, your intentions regarding fair and equitable distributions under your estate plan and your probate assets (distributed per your will) and non-probate assets (distributed per beneficiary designation or by law).  more

Medicaid-Medical Assistance Crisis Planning for Married Couples

With the cost of skilled nursing care exceeding $100,000 per year in some parts of Pennsylvania, a married couple's assets can be quickly consumed by the cost of one spouse's care in the event they become institutionalized in a skilled nursing facility.  more

Benefits of Naming A Trust As An IRA Beneficiary

Designating a primary and contingent beneficiary of your Individual Retirement Account (IRA) is a critical part of your overall estate plan.   more

Digital Assets Create New Problems When Planning Estates

Imagine forgetting all your passwords and being locked out of your online accounts.  more

Long-Term Care Planning

Traditional estate planning focuses on what will come of an individual's assets after they pass. It does not address the reality that there is a 70% chance that individuals over 65 will require some type of long-term care, including entry into a skilled care facility.  more

The Effect of the DOMA Decision on Estate Planning in Pennsylvania

The United States Supreme Court declared that the federal government must honor a state's decision giving same-sex couples the right to marry and that not recognizing such marriages was a violation of basic due process and equal protection principles.   more

The Perils of Joint Bank Accounts

There are several risks involved when adding another person to a bank account, before creating a joint bank account, one should be aware of some of the potential consequences.   more

General Law

What's the Biggest Mistake a Licensed Professional Can Make, When Faced with a State Board Investigation Notice?

Responding on your own to a licensing investigation or meeting with the board investigator, without legal representation, is one of the biggest mistakes a licensed professional can make when faced with an investigation notice from the state board.  more

How should an employer handle a repetitive motion injury?

In manufacturing jobs many times employees are required to perform the same motion repeatedly or maintain certain body positions or grips, which can result in repetitive motion injuries.  more

Qualifying For Social Security Disability

Social Security Disability (SSD) is for people, who during their employment history, have amassed enough work credits by paying Social Security payroll taxes. To be considered for Social Security Disability you must be suffering from a severe condition that is expected to last at least 12 months; or result in death; or that prevents you from performing the work you did; or any other work at Substantial Gainful Activity levels.  more

Use Of Smartphone Voice Memo App Can Be A Wiretap Violation

The Pennsylvania Superior Court ruled that the use of the voice memo app on a smartphone to record a conversation, without the permission of the participants in the conversation, is a violation of the Pennsylvania Wiretap Act.   more

Stacking Coverage Limits

This is the third in a series of three articles dealing with some of the major decisions facing automobile insurance consumers when buying their car insurance. The third topic deals with coverage "stacking."  more

Underinsured Motorist Coverage

The minimum amount of liability insurance coverage required to satisfy Pennsylvania's Financial Responsibility law is $15,000 for bodily injury to, or death of, one (1) person in any one (1) accident and $30,000 for bodily injury to, or death of, two (2) or more persons in any one (1) accident, subject to the $15,000 per person limit.   more

Don't Give Up Your Right To Full Tort Protection

There are few more disappointing conversations that I've had to have with clients than letting them know they cannot recover their losses caused by another driver in a motor vehicle collision because the client has selected the "limited tort" option on their policy of insurance.   more

Economic Development Incentives in PA

Despite budget shortfalls, Pennsylvania continues to fund numerous programs aimed at encouraging expansion of business.   more

Employer Service Provider Security Breach

What should you do in the event of notification by your employer that a service provider to your company has notified its clients that the service provider's client files were accessed by unauthorized persons?  more

PA Home Improvement Consumer Protection Act

The new Act requires home-improvement contractors to register with the state and include standard information and terms in their contracts.  more

Health Law

The Patient Protection And Affordable Health Care Act:

Implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care Act (PPAHCA) continues. Effective January 2013, there are several financial and revenue raising provisions that become effective that may affect you, personally and as an employer.  more

Under PA Law You May Be Financially Responsible For Your Family's Care

Did you know that, under Pennsylvania law, you are responsible to care for and maintain or financially assist your indigent spouse, child, and/or parent?   more

Real Estate & Land Use

Working Inside the Box – Establishing the Box

Real Estate Sales People Need to Understand Their Broker Agreement
A recurring question to the Hotline is "what is my broker's obligation to pay me when I have pending transactions at the time I affiliate with a new broker?"  more

Working Outside of the Box

Brokers Need to be Aware of Potential Risk When Real Estate Salespeople Have Second Jobs
Real estate salespersons often have second jobs. Should a broker care? All in unison: "it depends."  more

Mediation Regarding Residential Agreements of Sale – Is it Binding?

The standard residential agreements of sale mandate that buyers and sellers "will submit all disputes" arising from those agreements to mediation. While our courts will enforce the requirement that the parties mediate, not all will dismiss a suit that has been filed by a party who did not first invoke mediation.   more

Deposits – Too Little, Too Late

Real Estate Purchase Deposits
The purchase deposit, which is referred to as "initial deposit" in the Agreement of Sale, is paid within five days of execution. While not required, a deposit serves to protect against financial damage suffered by seller in the event of buyer's breach.   more

Are Emotional Support Animals Permitted in a "No Pets Allowed" Property?

It can be a familiar prohibition in condominium complexes and rental properties: NO PETS ALLOWED. Does that include an emotional support animal?  more

For Sale By Owner and the Statement of Estimated Costs

What happens when a For Sale By Owner (FSBO) freaks out at settlement when she learns for the first time that she is paying seller assist and that the proceeds are less than she anticipated? She goes hunting, that's what.  more

Getting Creative

Understanding the Additional Terms Clause in the Standard Agreement for the Sale of Real Estate.
The most dangerous clause in the Standard Agreement for the Sale of Real Estate (ASR) is found in our current Paragraph 32(B), Additional Terms. Here's where agents can let loose with the most creative use of the pen imaginable!   more

Fessing Up

Of the common mistakes in residential sales, none occurs more frequently than the failure to abide by timelines, specifically those found in the inspection contingencies.  more

What is CASPA and what do Contractors and Subcontractors need to know about recent legal changes?

CASPA is Pennsylvania's Contractor and Subcontractor Payment Act. It is the private industry version of the Prompt Payment Act, which applies to public projects. CASPA helps ensure that contractors and subcontractors working on commercial construction projects (or projects involving more than 6 residential units) get paid in a timely manner.  more

Selling Real Estate in an Era of Modern Surveilling

Real estate licensees and their clients must be aware of the nuances of video and audio surveillance laws to protect themselves from potential invasions of privacy, breaches of confidential information in violations of state and federal video and audio surveillance laws.   more

A Tip From The West?

Timely tender of deposit checks is a growing problem that did not exist when offers and deposit checks were hand delivered. Now, deposit checks follow an offer's acceptance by a handful of days.  more

A Question of Coverage

Mistakes happen. Consider the case of listing agent Robert. Robert happened to be on vacation when he received an offer at list price. He reviewed the standard form on his cell phone and reported to the sellers that it looked great.  more

The Superior Court recently ruled on two issues under the Real Estate Seller Disclosure Law that Realtors® should be aware of.

The first question decided by the court was whether the seller was liable for failing to deliver a Property Disclosure Statement, where the agreement included an "as is" clause. The second question was what constitutes "actual damages" as the term is used in the Real Estate Seller Disclosure Law (RESDL) to define a buyer's remedy for breach of the statute.  more

Vituperativeness: Is there ever a reason?

The buyers' agent claimed that this was one of two pre-settlement walk-through inspections to which the buyers were entitled. "Pre-settlement walk-through" is not defined in the agreement, but we know its purpose is to enable the buyer to assure that all conditions prerequisite to closing have been satisfied.  more

Expletive deleted

In news and other articles, another's profanity is frequently replaced with "expletive deleted." Some use the term in self-censorship. More often, we just let the expletives fly. At that moment it might feel quite good to do so; upon reflection, not so good.  more

A listing agent's right to see your buyer agency contract

Does a listing agent have a right to see your buyer agency contract? At the moment, I can't think of a good reason!   more

Communicating Acceptance: When is a binding Agreement of Sale officially formed?

Many believe that an Agreement of Sale is effective the moment both parties sign it. It can be, when the parties are in the same room to witness the others' signing. More often, however, the parties review agreements at separate locations and without knowing what the other side will do. Imagine that a buyer signs an agreement before bed and sets it on her nightstand, only to awaken at 3 a.m. so fearful of homeownership that she tears up the document. Was there ever an agreement? The answer is, like most legal answers, it depends.  more

Condemnation of Property...What are My Rights?

Attorneys with experience in eminent domain (condemnation for public purpose) and qualified real estate appraisers can provide valuable assistance to a property owner facing condemnation. Sometimes the offer made to the property owner by the acquiring entity is fair; sometimes it is not.   more

Can the Department of Revenue collect realty transfer taxes more than once on the same sale?

A: Yes.
The Department of Revenue takes the position that an assignment of an executed agreement of sale for real property may result in double realty transfer tax because it considers the assignment a separate transaction involving the conveyance of real estate.  more

Winter Brings Familiar Dangers

It's that time of year again. As the weather turns colder and air conditioners give way to furnaces, homeowners call their heating oil providers and say "fill'er up." Well over 100,000 homeowners in Pennsylvania, approximately 15,000-17,000 in Dauphin County alone, heat their homes with oil, meaning that their basements are home to large (usually 150 gallons or more) heating oil tanks.  more

It's Not Nice To Regulate Mother Nature

"Man proposes, God disposes." This catchy saying references the often strange ways that man's best laid plans can be changed by the whim of a Higher Power. In the realm of land development in the state of New Jersey, a new phrase was coined by a New Jersey appellate court: "God creates, man regulates".   more

Stormwater Update –Is a "Rain Tax" Right for Your Municipality?

The potential for stormwater utility fees, or the creation of stormwater authorities in Pennsylvania, is real, and some municipalities have already put these measures in place. With increased federal and state concern over the health of the Chesapeake Bay and other impaired waters, and rising concerns over flooding, managing stormwater is becoming more complicated and expensive than ever.   more

The Tank Act and Indemnification Fund

The Underground Storage Tank Indemnification Fund ("USTIF" or the "Fund") was established within the Storage Tank and Spill Prevention Act (the "Tank Act"). The USTIF is a special fund in the state treasury which consists of fees assessed by the Underground Storage Tank Indemnification Board to owners and operators of underground storage tanks.   more

NPDES Permit Basics

Part Four of Four
This is the last in a series of four articles about NPDES permits for Publicly-owned Treatment Works (POTWs). The first three articles in this series discussed Technology-based limits-—TBELs-—and Water quality-based effluent limits-—WQBELs-— in both numerical and narrative form. This article discusses what may be the most important aspect of Permits as they apply to Certified Operators: reporting. Because the reporting rules are so complicated, and because some NPDES permit provisions conflict with the regulations, this article cannot prescribe what to do in all situations. Attempts to obtain clarification from DEP have not been successful, although at the time of writing (fall, 2017) we have received some preliminary and informal comments that might result in revision of this article if they are affirmed by DEP administrative staff.   more

Myths Regarding Real Estate Transactions We Just Can't Shake

There is a lot of fake news out there! And there is a lot of fake news about news that is claimed to be fake that isn't fake. Here you will see a number of real estate transaction myths that just might be true, or not! Keep this article and one-by-one we will pick out the fake news from the real stuff. At the end of the list I've answered the first two questionable facts, so read on.  more

It's Not Too Early – Real Estate License Renewal Time Approaches.

Time is relative so whether May 31 is fast approaching or is way far out is for you to decide. What I can tell you is that by the summer and fall of 2018, many of you will be calling for help with real estate license renewal problems. So what can and should you be doing now to avoid the potential problems that may be unfolding a year from now?   more

Terminating A Real Estate Agreement Of Sale

Terminating an agreement of sale falls into one of three categories: 1) termination based on law; 2) termination based on a contractual right; and 3) termination unsupported by law or contract. Most terminations are based on a contractual right to do so and most of those fall into rights granted under the mortgage contingency clause or the inspection contingencies. The document that is used to exercise a right of termination granted by the agreement is the Notice of Termination of Agreement of Sale (TER).   more

What's The Follow-Up?

Home Inspection Contingency Periods
The buyers entered an agreement to purchase a property with an external insulation finish system known as Dryvit. Upon inspection of the Dryvit, the report noted a few areas that were suspect for some moisture infiltration. The buyers decided to submit a corrective proposal asking the sellers to engage a specialist to conduct a "further evaluation" of the Dryvit and to undertake any "necessary repairs." After being disappointed with specialist's report of the Dryvit, the buyers decided to terminate the Agreement of Sale outside of the contingency period.   more

Take My Advice . . . Please Get A Home Inspection Before You Buy.

I was helping an old friend of mine's son and daughter-in-law with their home purchase. The house that most caught their fancy, and the one they eventually purchased, was a flip. Now, I have a lot to say about flipped houses, primarily based upon the volume of litigation that I have handled arising from the purchase of flipped homes. For purposes of this story, let me just say that I was very concerned that my friend's son and daughter-in-law would later regret their purchase or have serious problems. And so, I embark on my mission, full of advice.  more

Your Real Estate Seller May Not Have A Dime's Worth Of Recourse!

In those good ole days of real estate transactions, offers were also accompanied by deposit checks. There was no place on the standard agreement to accommodate today's practice of transmitting deposits "within ___ days (5 if not specified) from execution." It is evident from the many inquiries on this topic, that today's practice leaves sellers vulnerable, for at least those first days. To protect sellers, the realtor practice of accepting offers, with a deposit, constitutes the sole remedy available to a seller in the event of buyer default.  more

NPDES Technology-Based Effluent Limits

Part Three of Four
This is the third article in this 4-part series: [1] about NPDES permits for wastewater discharges from Publicly-Owned Treatment Works (POTWs). All POTWs are required by regulation to give a copy of the current NPDES Permit to all of their Certified Operators. Certified operators, in turn, are required by regulation to know what the Permit requirements are and report to the Owner when a violation is-—or is likely to-—occur. Hence, all Certified Operators should become familiar with the provisions of their permits. Because it is the most complex topic, we discuss effluent limits in the first three installments. The fourth article will explore reporting requirements.  more

NPDES Water Quality Based Effluent Limits

Part Two of Four
In the first article in this 4-part series, we discussed "Technology-Based" Effluent Limits, or TBELs, for C-BOD, TSS, pH, fecal coliform bacteria, residual chlorine, and oil and grease. These limits are set by regulation and apply to all POTW discharges regardless of whether or not they are necessary to protect water quality.   more

NPDES Technology Based Effluent Limits

Part One of Four
This is the first in a series of four articles [1] about NPDES permits for wastewater discharges from Publicly-Owned Treatment Works (POTWs). All POTWs are required by regulation to give a copy of the current NPDES Permit to all of their Certified Operators.   more

Stormwater Management - The New Burden On Property Owners

It used to be the rule that rainwater runoff was not the responsibility of the landowner. The law recognized that water runs downhill. No longer. As EPA and the Pennsylvania DEP increase their emphasis on reducing pollutant discharges to the Chesapeake Bay, landowners are facing new legal and economic challenges.   more

Have Questions About Commercial Real Estate Valuation?

Selling? Buying? Refinancing? Tax Assessment Appeal? Condemned?
When establishing a value for commercial real estate, a qualified and experienced PA Certified real estate appraiser is essential. You should engage a professional appraiser who has been certified as a MAI, SRPA or SREA and will comply with the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice.  more

Should I Have My Own Attorney For Residential Real Estate Transactions?

Buying a home will probably be the largest and most significant purchase you will make in your life. Having an experienced real estate attorney who will protect your interests can help you avoid problems with a home purchase or sale.  more

Responding to Cell Tower and Similar Lease Offers

Since agricultural land, almost by definition, is located in rural, sparsely-populated areas across the state, often in townships with loose, or even no, zoning requirements, many such landowners will be approached by a telecommunications company to lease a small portion of their land to construct a cellular tower and related equipment.   more

Gaining Access To Landlocked Property After O'Reilly Case

For property owners whose property does not adjoin a public road and does not have access thereto either through an express access easement or easement across adjoining property by implication involving a common owner in the chain of title, the Private Road Act offered the landlocked property owner a remedy.  more

Pipeline Right Of Way Protection For Landowners

If you have been contacted about a proposal to install a pipeline on your property, contact an attorney experienced in this type of work before taking any steps to protect your rights.   more

Tax Assessment Appeal

If you own commercial real estate, or are a tenant who is responsible for payment of real estate taxes, you may be entitled to a decrease in real estate taxes.   more

What To Do When Faced With Eminent Domain

If your property is being taken for public use, obtaining full and complete "just compensation" is a long, complex process, limited by law and requires the aid of experienced counsel to effect a comprehensive recovery.   more

Flood Insurance Reform Act

Homeowners in flood prone areas will face increases in flood insurance premiums under provisions in the Biggert–Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act, certain provisions of which went into effect in 2013.  more

Oil And Gas Act - Municipal Zoning Limitations

The Unconventional Gas Well Impact Fee Act among other matters required municipalities to amend their land use ordinances to allow unconventional gas wells which are used to extract natural gas in nearly every zoning district.  more

Contractor Guidelines

The Pennsylvania Home Improvement Consumer Protection Act is designed to protect homeowners from unscrupulous contractors and to establish penalties against contractors who violate the Act.  more

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